How are breathing problems treated?
The most common form of treatment for breathing problems is to remove the deviated or twisted part of the nasal septum that narrows the airway on one or both sides, leaving a sufficient portion intact to support the shape of the nose (Figure 5). Less commonly, enlarged side wall structures called turbinates must be pushed outward to enlarge the airway.
Breathing problems can also result if the middle third cartilages do not provide enough support to the internal nasal valve. It is sometimes necessary to add cartilage to buttress and enlarge this opening (Figure 6). Tip cartilages that are oriented along the wrong axis or do not adequately support the nostril side walls also cause breathing problems. There are methods available to reorient the tip cartilages and strengthen them with cartilage grafts.